International conference 2019

 
 Demographic Challenges in Africa: The Contributions of Census and Civil Registration Data
 

Paris-Aubervilliers, Campus Condorcet, 16-18 October 2019

 

Description

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set in 2015 for the year 2030 present a significant challenge to the African continent, home to many of the world’s least developed countries. With the world’s fastest population growth, Africa is in the midst of unprecedented transitions, but country-by-country situations diverge markedly. For instance, for many of the region’s countries, child mortality has dropped quite rapidly, while in others, it stands at world-leading levels. Similarly, populations – particularly urban populations – in several countries appear to be tracking a steady decline in fertility, whereas this decline has levelled off through slowdowns and stalls in others.
 
An additional challenge is that demographic figures and trends in Africa are not known precisely. Data production, consistency, and reliability vary widely from one country to the next. Civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) are not easily exploitable in most countries. While national statistics offices conduct routine censuses and surveys used to inform planning in parts of Africa, offices in other countries struggle to generate accurate data. Existing statistical sources are underused and insufficiently analysed because of data quality issues as well as a lack of time and resources.

The special emphasis placed in the SDGs on inequality and ensuring inclusive developmental progress calls for the production of indicators at the most narrowly defined geographical and socio-economic level. This need demands stronger interaction between government statisticians and researchers. For example, census data, although spaced out over time, provide demographic and socio-economic information at the individual and household levels across a country’s entire population. Census data enable the production of indicators at highly disaggregated levels, as well as mapping, environmental, and multilevel analyses. Meanwhile, the systematic recording of vital events in civil registration systems is still rare on the continent. However, longstanding and efficient systems are in place at the local level. Efforts are also being made to improve record-keeping by introducing collection systems and methods more relevant in their contexts (mobile phone usage, determination of probable causes of death through family surveys, etc.).
 
This conference aims to shed light on current research into sociodemographic dynamics in Africa by drawing on public statistics data, in particular censuses and CRVS. This involves examining populations’ characteristics and the ways in which they are evolving in terms of fertility and reproductive health, family and marriage, migration, education, health and mortality in various countries throughout the African continent by reframing them in their environmental (urbanisation, population density), social (gender and intergenerational relations) and economic (resources, development level) contexts. The conference is also an opportunity to brainstorm ways of conducting collaborative research that involve official statistics providers in the analysis and exploitation of results.

Submissions up to April 15th 2019

Papers and presentations may focus on populations studied at the local, national, or international level. They can compare, combine, or crosscheck different data sources; those using census and vital registration data are particularly encouraged.
 
Proposals should be submitted via email to contact_demostaf@listes.ined.fr by 15 April in the form of a short abstract and a long abstract (or manuscript) in French or English.
 
Authors will be informed of selection procedure results in May.
 
Short (250 words maximum) and long (2–4 pages) abstracts should be presented as follows:
 
  • Background information
  • Objective
  • Data and Methods
  • Results (preliminary)
  • Conclusion or contribution (preliminary)

Conference structure and schedule

This two-and-a-half-day event will consist of traditional sessions, flash sessions featuring short presentations, poster sessions, and round tables. The conference will be held in French and English, with simultaneous interpretation provided. Insofar as the available budget permits, financial assistance is provided for speakers not benefiting from funding.  
 
Organizing committee: Géraldine Duthé (INED, France), Valérie Golaz (INED, France), Jean-Alain Goudiaby (Université de Ziguinchor), Gilles Pison (INED/Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, France), Thomas Wiest (INED, France)
 
Coordination assistant: Léa Bourset (INED)

Scientific committee

Bazongo Baguinébié (INSD, Burkina Faso), Moussa Bougma (ISSP, Burkina Faso), Aurélien Dasré (Université Paris Nanterre, France), Valérie Delaunay (IRD, France), Binta Dieme (ANSD, Senegal), Irina Dincu (CRVS, Canada), Géraldine Duthé (INED, France), Assa Dioumba Gakou (INSTAT Mali), Valérie Golaz (INED, France), Jean-Alain Goudiaby (Université de Ziguinchor, Senegal), Sabrina Juran (UNFPA), Christian Kakuba (Université Makerere, Uganda), Richard Marcoux (Université Laval, Canada), Bruno Masquelier (Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium), Laure Moguérou (Université Paris Nanterre, France), Marc Pilon (IRD, France), Gilles Pison (INED/ Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, France), Cécilia Poggi (AFD, France), Arsène Ravelo (INSTAT, Madagascar), Clémentine Rossier (Université de Genève, Switzerland), Claudine Sauvain Dugerdil (Université de Genève, Switzerland), Romesh Silva (UNFPA), Abdramane Bassiahi Soura (ISSP, Burkina Faso), Madeleine Wayack Pambè (ISSP, Burkina Faso).

Partners

The seminar is organized as part of the DEMOSTAF in partnership with the French Institute for Demographic Studies (INED), the French Agency for Development (AFD), Campus Condorcet, the CRVS panel of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the Centre of Excellence for CRVS (CRVS) housed at Canada’s International Development Research Center (IDRC) and the French Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs (MEAE).

Programme and Presentations

WEDNESDAY OCTOBER 16TH 2019

9:30-10:00 OPENING SESSION

• Magda Tomasini, INED
• Irina Dincu, IDRC, ESEC
• France Meslé, INED/IUSSP
• Mathias Kuepie, UNFPA
• Thomas Melonio, AFD
• Assa Doumbia Gakou, INSTAT Mali

10:00-11:45 CENSUS DATA QUALITY AND ESTIMATION
Chair: Madeleine Wayack Pambè (ISSP)
Discussant: Jean Pierre D. Bahoum (ANSD)

• Francis Gendreau (IRD), Le recensement de population en Afrique, une opération encore problématique
• Patrick Gerland (UNPD), Evaluation des recensements en Afrique : taux de couverture et qualité des données démographiques de base
• Bruno Lankoande (INED) et al., Estimating Mortality from Census Data: an record linkage study in the Nouna Demographic and Health Surveillance System in Burkina Faso
• Ian M. Timæus (LSHTM), Imputation of full birth histories from census data: a rediscovered method for detailed fertility analysis in sub-Saharan Africa

11:45-12:00 BREAK & POSTER SESSION

12:00-12:30 “FLASH SESSION” CENSUS DATA: ANALYSIS FOR INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE
Chair: Abdramane B. Soura (ISSP)

• Soumaïla Ouedraogo (INED/Paris 1) et al. Mortalité des personnes âgées en Afrique subsaharienne : éclairage à partir d’estimations multi-sources
• Valérie Golaz (INED/LPED) et al. La non-scolarisation des enfants en Afrique: une analyse des effets de contexte
• Laure Moguérou (Univ Paris Nanterre /LPED) et al. Accéder au supérieur : un vecteur d’émancipation pour les femmes ?
•Marc Pilon (IRD) et al. Essai de mesure et d’analyse de la présence de domestiques dans les ménages en Afrique subsaharienne
• Claudine Sauvain-Dugerdil (UNIGE) et al. Configuration des ménages et qualité de vie au Mali et au Sénégal à travers les données de recensement

12:30-14:00 LUNCH & COFFEE BREAK

14:00-15:15 CENSUS DATA: COMPARABILITY
Chair: Sidy Boly (INSTAT Mali)
Discussant: Sara Randall (University College London)

• Aurélien Dasré (Univ Paris Nanterre/INED) et al., La comparabilité des données sur les ménages et les structures familiales dans les recensements du Burkina Faso, du Mali et du Sénégal
• Salut Muhidin (Macquarie University), The Use of Census Data for Understanding Cross-National of Internal Migration in Africa
• Lara Cleveland (IPUMS) et al., Improved harmonized census geography and spatio-temporal analysis in IPUMS: exploring population aging in Africa

15:15-15:45 BREAK & POSTER SESSION

15:45-17:15 THE 2020 CENSUS ROUND: OPPORTUNITIES OF GEOREFERENCED CENSUS DATA TO ADDRESS DEMOGRAPHIC CHALLENGES IN AFRICA
Moderator: Lara Cleveland (IPUMS)

• Mercy Kanyuka (Malawi National Statistical Office), Lessons Learnt from Malawi Census
• Erik Vickstrom (US Census Bureau), Computer-Assisted Personal Interviewing as a Census Data Processing Solution in Africa: Observed Opportunities and Challenges
• Mathias Kuepie and Sabrina Juran (UNFPA) Challenges in Modernization of Census and the Geography of Inequalities
• Allan G. Hill and Winfred Dotsi-Gborgbortsi (Univ of Southampton), Explaining the Spatial Patterning of Health and Mortality in African Cities by Augmenting Census Data: The Ghana Case

THURSDAY OCTOBER 17TH 2019

9:30-10:00 “FLASH SESSION” CENSUS DATA: ATLAS AND TERRITORIAL DYNAMICS
Chair: Clémentine Rossier (Univ Genève)

• Jean-Pierre D. Bahoum (ANSD) et al., Cartographie des familles : Atlas communal des familles au Sénégal
• Baguinébié Bazongo (INSD) et al., Atlas sociodémographique des ménages du Burkina Faso
• Abdourahmane M. Sene (Univ A.S. de Ziguinchor), Enjeux socio-économiques et territoriaux de la dynamique démographique au Sénégal
• Richard Marcoux (Univ laval) et al., Présentation de l’atlas interactif sur l’éducation (Burkina Faso, Mali, Sénégal)

10:00-11:45 UNDERSTANDING SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS USING MULTIPLE SOURCES
Chair: Serge Rabier (AFD)
Discussant: Bilampoa Gnoumou Thiombiano (ISSP)

• Bruno Schoumaker (UCLouvain), Stalls in Fertility transitions in sub-Saharan Africa. Revisiting the evidence.
• Moussa Bougma (ISSP) et al., Définition et mesure de l’(an)alphabétisme : approche critique appliquée à cinq pays (Burkina Faso, Madagascar, Mali, Ouganda et Sénégal)
• Roch M. Millogo (Univ Genève) et Clémentine Rossier (Univ Genève/INED), Transition de la fécondité à Dakar, Ouagadougou et Nairobi: une baisse identique à tous les âges, soutenue par un espacement de plus en plus en long ?
• Rila Ratovoson (INED/Paris 8/IPM) et al., La transition sanitaire malgache dans les villes et en milieu rural : une analyse croisée des données d’enquêtes, d’état civil et de suivi démographique

11:45-12:00 BREAK & POSTER SESSION

12:00-12:30 FLASH SESSION CENSUS DATA: SPATIAL ANALYSIS
Chair: Gilles Pison (Museum, Ined)

• Christian Kakuba (Makerere Univ) et al., Who leaves school prematurely in Uganda; do predictors vary by place of residence?
• Hervé Bassinga (ISSP/INSD), Inégalités géographiques de mortalité infanto-juvénile au Burkina Faso : une analyse des recensements de 1996 et 2006
• Arlette Simo Fotso (IRD) et al., Le handicap chez les adultes (18-59 ans) au Sénégal : une approche écologique
• Roch M. Millogo (Univ de Genève) et al., « Basse » fécondité au Sénégal : un phénomène de diffusion dans un contexte de transition démographique?

12:30-14:00 LUNCH & COFFEE BREAK

14:00-15:45 CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS 1: DETERMINANTS
Chair: Neo C. Sebolao (Botswana Civil Registry)
Discussant: Michel Guillot (INED)

• Kudzaishe Mangombe (Univ of Zimbabwe) et al., Predictors of birth certificate possession among children aged 0-17 years in Zimbabwe: An analysis based on the 2012 Population Census
• Patrick Nshimiyimana (National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda), Study on knowledge, attitude and practices of parents towards birth registration in Rwanda
• Atoumane Fall (ANSD/UCLouvain), La déclaration des décès à l’état civil à Dakar : une exploration des facteurs explicatifs à l’aide des données de recensement
• Louis Niamba (CRDI) et Irina Dincu (CRDI), Enregistrement des naissances et des décès à l’état civil dans l’observatoire de population de Nouna, Burkina Faso : États des lieux, obstacles et perspectives

15:45-16:15 BREAK & POSTER SESSION

16:15-17:30 CIVIL REGISTRATION AND VITAL STATISTICS 2: COVERAGE
Chair: Irina Dincu (CRDI)
Discussant: Patrick Gerland, UNPD

• Nadia Touihri (INS, Tunisie), Recent Advances and Current Challenges in Vital Statistics Production from Incomplete Civil Registration data in Tunisia
• Neo C. Sebolao (University of Botswana), Botswana success story of completeness of civil registration system ? a case study

FRIDAY OCTOBER 18TH 2019

9:30-11:15 DISSEMINATION OF AFRICAN DEMOGRAPHIC DATA AND LESSONS FROM DEMOSTAF FOR A COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH WITH NSOS
Chair: Christian Kakuba (Makerere University)
Discussant: Bazongo Baguinébié (INSD)

• Françoise Gubry, Dominique Diguet (INED) et al., Données d’enquêtes démographiques africaines : des accès plus performants
• Richard Marcoux (Univ laval) et Cécile Compaoré Zoungrana (UNFPA), Enjeux du partage et de l’accessibilité des données pour des fins de recherche en Afrique
• Madeleine Wayack Pambè (ISSP) et Géraldine Duthé (INED), Retour d’expérience du partenariat DEMOSTAF
• Claudine Sauvain-Dugerdil (Univ de Genève) et al., L’éthique en pratique

11:15-11:30 BREAK 11:30-12:00 THE POTENTIAL OF SATELLITE DATA
Chair: Arsène Ravelo (INSTAT)

• Valérie Golaz (INED/LPED) et Olivier Queyrut (CNES), Croissance démographique et déforestation en Ouganda : les enseignements d’une analyse conjointe des données de recensement et des images satellites

12:00-13:00 ROUND TABLE “AFRICAN NATIONAL STATISTICS FOR MEASURING AND UNDERSTANDING DEMOGRAPHIC CHALLENGES: OBSTACLES AND OPPORTUNITIES”
Chair: Jean-Alain Goudiaby (Univ. A.S. de Ziguinchor)

• Assa Doumbia Gakou (INSTAT Mali)
• Abdourahmane M. Sene, Directeur national de l’aménagement du territoire du Sénégal
• Irina Dincu (IDRC, ESEC) • Serge Rabier (AFD)

13:00-13:15 CONCLUDING REMARKS

• Mathias Kuepie (UNFPA)
• Géraldine Duthé (INED)